Quick Facts



Area 250,000 sq mi (647,500 sq km) about the size of Texas
Land boundaries North: Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan Northeast: China South and East: Pakistan West: Iran
Climate Arid to semi arid, hot summers and cold winters.
 Landscape The Hindu Kush mountain range splits the landlocked country along a north-south divide, rising in the east to heights of 24,000 ft. in the Wakhan corridor.  The capital, Kabul, lies in the southern foothills. With the exception of the southwest, most of the country is covered by high snow-capped mountains and is traversed by deep valleys.
Arable land 12.13%




  Afghanistan As compared to United States
Population 29.8 million 313 million
Infant Mortality rate Babies who die before their first birthday 149/1000 (2nd highest world) 6/1000
Child Mortality rate (under age 5) UNICEF 2009 199/1000 (2nd highest world) 6.7/1000
Life expectancy 60 years old 78 years old
Median Age  Half the population is younger than this age 18 years  36.9 years
Total Fertility Rate  Average children born per woman 5.4 children 2.06 children
Live in rural areas 77% 18%
Ethnic groups Pashtun 42%, Tajik 27%, Hazara 9%, Uzbek 9%, Aimak 4%, Turkmen 3%, Baloch 2%, other 4%
Religions Sunni Muslim 80%, Shi’a Muslim 19%, other 1%
Languages Dari (Afghan Persian) 50%, Pashtu  35% (both official), other Turkic and minor languages




Literacy rate   % of pop above age 15 that can read and write UNICEF 2000 est. 28.1% (2000 est.)43.1% 
 male12.6% female
Attend Primary School UNICEF 2009 66% male40% female
Attend Secondary School  UNICEF 2009 18% male6% female
School Life Expectancy  Years the average child will attend schoolUNICEF 2009 9 years total11 years male7 years female (2009)5 years female (2004)



Government and Economy

President Hamid Karzai
Independence 19 August 1919 (from UK control over Afghan foreign affairs)
Constitution New constitution signed 16th January 2004
GDP per capita $486 (tripled in the last decade)
Monetary unit Afghani


*Unless otherwise noted, source is CIA World Factbook Dec 2010


Map of projects


Unfortunate Distinctions—Reasons to Help

These facts define the Afghanistan of yesterday; our collective efforts shape the Afghanistan of tomorrow. The following facts are important issues to remember as the country continues to realize tangible progress every month thanks to ongoing support by donors like you. We can help Afghanistan shed these labels.


Top 10 Most Dangerous Country List

2,412 civilian casualties in 2009

Source: Forbe’s Magazine (2010)


World’s Highest Maternal Mortality Rate

18,000 deaths/year

Source: UNICEF (2013)


World’s 2nd Worst Place to be Born

Source: UNICEF (2013)


World’s Largest Refugee Population

2,887,123 refugees in 2010

Source: UNHCR (2013)


World’s 2nd Least Developed Country

Source: United Nations Development Index (2009)


The 4th Most Landmines on Earth

10,000 mines, 10-12 deaths/day

Source: UNICEF (2013)


7th Lowest Life Expectancy on Earth

43.8 years

Source: United Nations Population Division (2010)


World’s 10th Lowest GDP

Source: CIA World Factbook (2013)


In the Top 20 of Lowest Human Rights

Source: Freedom House (2010)

(all from Noshaq)

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